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Wednesday, April 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale found in the catalog.

Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale

Dow Chemical Company. Hydrocarbons and Energy Research Laboratory

Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale

  • 195 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Energy, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oil-shales,
  • Oil-shale industry

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesFE ; 2346-53
    ContributionsWashington, Lawrence J, Humphrey, John P, United States. Dept. of Energy, Dow Chemical Company. Process Development Dept
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv. :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14879162M

    An interesting characteristic of the upper Antrim shale under and around Williams field is the resistivity changes from an average of ohm-m outside of Midland County to an average of more than ohm-m underneath the field area. Maps of the high resistivity area show an apparent relationship between shallow oil production in central Michigan. Evolution of temperature in oil shale self-pyrolysis. The gas pipeline shown in Figure 1b was used for the oil shale self-pyrolysis experiments, and the rubblized oil shale was introduced into the bed to study its heat transfer process. An air compressor was used in these experiments to provide air. Air was preheated and maintained at –°C with a flow rate of 16 m 3 h −1 before being Cited by: 'Deep Shale Oil and Gas' provides an introduction to shale gas resources as well as offer a basic understanding of the geomechanical properties of shale, the need for hydraulic fracturing, and an indication of shale gas processing. The book also examines the issues regarding the nature of shale gas development, the potential environmental. minimal environmental impacts. These characteristics of the US oil shale resources call for an intense development to commercialize. Overview of current and past oil shale production methods Oil shale is a rock that contains kerogen, which is a solid hydrocarbon that when heated yields combustible gases, shale oil and a residue (Baughman Author: Bernardo Castro-Dominguez.


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Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale by Dow Chemical Company. Hydrocarbons and Energy Research Laboratory Download PDF EPUB FB2

Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale. Washington: Dept. of Energy ; Springfield, Va: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: John P Humphrey; Dow Chemical Company.

Appendix: energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale}, author = {Peterson, E.W. and Lagus, P.L.}, abstractNote = {A series of tracer gas pressurization experiments were undertaken at the Dow shale site at Peck, Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale book.

The study was conducted to evaluate flow communication between boreholes open to both the Antrim and False Antrim. The Antrim Shale is a formation of Upper Devonian age in the Michigan Basin, in the US state of Michigan, and extending into Ohio, Indiana and is a major source of natural gas in the northern part of the basin.

The Antrim Shale was defined by A. Lane inand named for type-section exposures in Antrim County, formation was previously known as the St. Cleric Country: United States. Get this from a library. Legal problems incident to the commercialization of in situ processing of Michigan antrim shale.

[Veryl N Meyers; United States. Department of Energy.; Dow Chemical Company.; Mika, Meyers, Beckett & Jones.]. The process heats sections of the vast oil shale field in situ, releasing the shale oil and oil shale gas from the rock so that it can be pumped to the surface and made into fuel.

In this process, a freeze wall is first to be constructed to isolate the processing area from surrounding groundwater. [1]Feedstock: oil Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale book.

Context. Shale oil is a hugely untapped resource that has been mined and processed since the s. Relative to conventional oil, however, the production quantities have been ing to the International Energy Agency, there are about 1 trillion barrels of economically recoverable shale oil resources, compared to trilion of recoverable conventional oil reserves EIA (International.

Energy. Vol. Pergamon Press IM. Primed m Great Britain NET ENERGY ANALYSIS OF IN SITU OIL SHALE PROCESSING GREGG MARLAND, ALFRED M. PERRY and DAVID B. REISTER Institute for Energy Analysis, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. BoxOak Ridge, TNU.S.A. (Received 16 May ) Abstractlthough the domestic resources of shale oil are large, there Cited by: 4.

@article{osti_, title = {X-ray mineralogy and physical properties of antrim shale samples from Sanilac Co., Michigan}, author = {Hockings, W.A. and Ruotsala, A.P. and Bennett, G.W.}, abstractNote = {This report describes mineralogical determinations and physical properties of core samples from wells, and located on Dow Chemical Company property in Fremont Township, Sanilac.

Oil Shale Research in the United States 5 September Third Edition FOREWORD Significant research efforts continue in the United States to address some of the technical, economic, and policy uncertainties that constrain the development of America’s enormous oil shale resource.

The intrinsic reaction rate kinetics for the pyrolysis of Michigan Antrim oil shale and the oxidation of the carbonaceous residue of this shale have been determined using a thermogravimetric analysis method. The kinetics of the pyrolysis reaction were evaluated from both isothermal and nonisothermal rate data.

The reaction was found to be second-order with an activation energy of kJ/mole. Oil Sands In-Situ Oil Shale Mining/ Extraction Oil Shale In-Situ Production 25 45 95 85 66 (NG) (Coal) Upgrading 28 Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale book 37 37 35 Transportation (gasoline, Diesel, Energy from in situ processing of Antrim oil shale book fuel) Preliminary Estimates Only Oil sands numbers from Professor Murray Gray, University of Alberta.

Figure 1. Index map showing limits of Antrim Shale plays as assessed. The up-dip limits of the plays (the outer perimeter) are defined by the extent of the Antrim Shale subcrop beneath the Pleistocene glacial drift. The downdip limit is represented by the approximate ft depth to top Antrim Shale.

Energy Return on Investment, or EROI, is a commonly-used calculation of how much energy is needed to locate, extract, and refine an output of energy – in this case, oil from shale. In more technical terms, EROI is the ratio of the energy delivered by a process to the energy used directly and indirectly for that process.

Technologies for oil shale production include surface and in-situ retorting. This study focusses on in-situ oil shale production methodologies. The process of heating oil shale to the pyrolysis temperature can be achieved by direct or indirect heating.

Direct heating geometries include the Shell in-situ conversion process (ICP) using downhole. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol.

II -Extraction of Oil Shale: Surface and In Situ Retorting - Victor Yefimov and Shuyuan Li ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) processing oil shale to produce shale Size: KB.

Antrim, which suffered net losses of £million in the first six months ofsold stakes in North Sea assets including Causeway, Cormorant East, Kerloch and Typhoon, to Ian Suttie’s First. DOw has beEn investigating in situ shale oil processing since thE early 's~1) The goal is to produce low BTU ga3 for power generation and a light grade crude oil suitable for making gasoline or heating fuel.

Dow's most recent ~ield efforts were conducted on an SO-acre farm in. Oil Shale Drilling - Pro and Cons: While drilling oil shale would help the United States dependence on foreign oil, production uses a tremendous amount of water and energy to heat up the oil shale for production.

Estimates put the energy consumption rate to produce oil shale at 40% of recovery. Michigan’s Antrim Gas Shale Play: A Two-Decade Template For Successful Devonian Gas Shale Development Wayne Goodman Northern Lights Energy Gaylord, Michigan [email protected] Tim Maness Maness Petroleum Corp.

Pleasant, Michigan [email protected] Ap Key Companies Drilling for Natural Gas in the Antrim Shale: Breitburn Energy Partners LLP (BBEP) added proved reserves totaling million barrels of equivalent from additions as of Of the million barrels, million barrels of oil equivalent were additions primarily in the Michigan Antrim trend where they drilled wells.

Application of the in situ recovery process to oil shale was tested during two field experiments near Rock Springs, Wyoming. The results of these tests demonstrate that a self-sustaining combustion zone can be created in an oil shale body, that this zone can be moved through the oil shale, and that the process will produce shale oil.

Antrim Shale, Major Companies by Gross Production, 6 Antrim Shale, Infrastructure, 7 Antrim Shale, Mergers and Acquisition Activity in the Play, 8. BX in situ oil shale project. Annual technical progress report, March 1, Febru and quarterly technical progress report, December 1, Febru doi/ Ecological Region.

To people seeking to better understand the nation’s energy options, oil shale, shale oil, shale gas, and oil sands sound similar and can be confusing. However, it is important to understand their differences, because each resource is found in different geological conditions that require distinctive processes to extract and refine it to a.

Crude shale oil is upgraded to remove certain impurities, such as sulfur and nitrogen, and then further processed in an oil refinery to produce gasoline, clean diesel fuel, jet fuel and other petroleum based products.

Ex-Situ Processing Ex-situ processing of oil shale has been practiced for over a century in various parts of the world. Abstract. The Dow Chemical Company's interest in oil shale was directed in the 's toward in situ processes and local shales, specifically the Antrim, a black Devonian shale which occasionally produces natural gas and which yields produces natural gas and which yields 9 Cited by: 1.

When utilizing oil shale in the proposed blend (16% oil shale ash, 18% kaolinite, and 66% CaC[3]), there would be an energy savings of % owing to the nature of the raw materials used and low clinkering temperatures required ([degrees]C).

NATURAL GAS FROM SHALE: Questions and Answers Shale Gas Glossary Acquifer – A single underground geological formation, or group of formations, containing water.

Antrim Shale – A shale deposit located in the northern Michigan basin that is a Devonian age rock formation lying at a relatively shallow depth of 1, feet.

Gas has been produced from this formation for several decadesFile Size: KB. Exploration for oil and gas in Northern Ireland began in and whilst both have been detected in wells, this has not yet led to commercial production. Despite this initial lack of success many areas remain relatively little explored and the rocks beneath Northern Ireland are still considered to have significant hydrocarbons potential.

James G. Speight, in Fuel Flexible Energy Generation, Shale gas. Shale formations (composed mainly of clay-size mineral grains) are the most abundant sedimentary rocks in the crust of the Earth—organic shale formations are source rocks as well as the reservoir basement and cap rocks that trap oil and gas (Speight, a).Shale is a fissile (referring to the ability of the shale.

From a total of 1, inthe number of permits issued for Antrim Shale development dropped dramatically in to j as major oil and gas players have increasingly redirected capital expenditure to more promising locations, such as the Barnett Shale, Bakken Shale, Marcellus Shale, Niobrara Shale and Haynesville Shale.

From a total of 1, inthe number of permits issued for Antrim Shale development dropped dramatically in to j as major oil and gas.

Oil shale is a highly abundant energy resource, though commercial production has yet to be realized. Thermal in-situ upgrading processes for producing hydrocarbons from oil shale have gained. The Antrim is a shallow shale gas play primarily located in the northern section of the Michigan Basin.

The play has been heavily developed beginning with the Section 29 unconventional asset tax credits which were introduced in the s. Summary. Oil shale is a highly abundant energy resource, though commercial production has yet to be realized.

Thermal in-situ upgrading processes for producing hydrocarbons from oil shale have gained attention recently, however, in part because of promising results reported by Shell using its in-situ conversion process (Crawford et al. Ex-Situ Processing • Relies on digging the oil-bearing shale (Oil Shale) out of the ground.

• Crushing it into small pieces. • Separating the oil-like kerogen from the rock by heating it in a centrally located piece of machinery known as a “retorter”. Not, A.,Bibliography of publications dealing with oil shale and shale oil from US Bureau of Mines, ; the ERDA Laramie Energy Research Center, ; and the DOE Laramie Energy Technology Center,p.

Fracture Patterns and Their Origin in the Upper Devonian Antrim Shale Gas Reservoir of the Michigan Basin: A Review. Robert T. Ryder 1. Open-File Report This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S.

Geological Survey editorial standards and stratigraphic nomenclature. The Antrim Shale, first drilled in the 's, is estimated to contain significant quantities of gas, up to 76 Tcf in place. However, relatively low gas production rates, coupled with an.

Atlas Energy Resources, a limited liability company that produces natural gas primarily in the Appalachian Basin, will purchase DTE Energy's Antrim Shale.

Drilling activity in Michigan has primarily targeted the Antrim Pdf for more pdf 20 years, accounting for nearly 80 percent of all oil and gas drilling in the first decade of the 21st century. The Antrim Shale covers roug square miles producing along a belt across the northern part of the Michigan Basin and extends in Ohio and Indiana.Download pdf map below shows the locations of the all oil and gas wells in the state.

There are no such wells in the UP. Antrim gas comes from shallow shale beds. The bituminous and combustible nature of the Antrim shale beds has been known for a long time but production has not been active until about Natural Gas Drilling: Regional Economic Opportunities and Infrastructure Challenges 5 Ebook discovery of such ebook quantities of a.

major energy source has powerful implications, not only for the national and global economies, but also for the communities that sit atop this valuable re-source. The upsurge in shale gas drilling in rural.